Since the 2006 survey of Botswana's elephant range, four major elephant surveys were conducted in 2010, 2012, 2013, and 2014. Due to the very different results from the first two surveys, the Data Review Working Group has requested more information before it can validate and enter the latest survey result. At this time, the Data Review Working Group has decided that it is most prudent to retain the 2006 survey in the African Elephant Database.
|Aerial or Ground Total Counts||651||0||0||0|
|Direct Sample Counts and Reliable Dung Counts||132,802||20,818||20,818||0|
|Data Category||Known Range||Possible Range||Total Range|
|Aerial or Ground Total Counts||1,105||0||1,105|
|Direct Sample Counts and Reliable Dung Counts||92,811||62,065||154,876|
|Cause of||Survey Details2||Number of Elephants||Area||Map Location|
|Input Zone||Change1||Type||Reliab.||Year||Estimate||95% C.L.||Source||PFS3||(km²)||Lon.||Lat.|
|+ Chobe National Park & Environs||-||AS||B||2006||40,767||10,539||DWNP, 2006||2||12,195||24.6E||18.5S|
|+ Nxai Pan & Makgadikgadi National Parks||-||AS||B||2006||1,436||1,950||DWNP, 2006||1||11,476||24.8E||20.4S|
|+ Okavango Delta||-||AS||B||2006||31,191||7,191||DWNP, 2006||1||17,160||23.1E||19.4S|
|+ Rest of Northern Botswana||-||AS||B||2006||80,226||16,334||DWNP, 2006||1||118,303||23.5E||19.7S|
|+ Tuli Game Reserve||DT||AT||A||2010||651||Selier & Page, 2010||3||1,320||29.1E||22.1S|
* Range of informed guess
1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change
2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.
3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.
Note that totals for the Definite, Probable, and Possible categories are derived by pooling the variances of individual estimates, as described at http://www.africanelephantdatabase.org/reliability. As a result, totals do not necessarily match the simple sum of the entries within a given category.