Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Nigeria
Provisional African Elephant Population Estimates: update to 31 Dec 2013

All Years for Nigeria: 20132007200219981995

Summary Totals for Nigeria

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts0000
Informed Guesses8200279
Other Guesses000380
Totals 20138200659
Totals 20063480105375

Area of Range Covered by Each Data Category (km²)

Data CategoryKnown RangePossible RangeTotal Range
Informed Guesses2,18202,182
Other Guesses1,5161,0102,527
Unassessed Range8,1467,23315,379
Totals11,8448,24420,088

Nigeria: Elephant Estimates

Cause ofSurvey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneChange1TypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
+ Andoni IslandDDOE20026 4*Mshelbwala et al., 20022215 7.5E 4.5N
DDOE20026 4*Mshelbwala et al., 2002215 7.5E 4.5N
+ Chad Basin National Park-OE1994100Mshelbwala, 199812,160 14.4E 11.7N
-OE1994100Mshelbwala, 19982,160 14.4E 11.7N
+ Cross River National ParkDDDCE199874 56Obot et al., 19981239 9.2E 6.3N
DDDCE199874 56Obot et al., 1998239 9.2E 6.3N
+ Gashaki GumtiDDOE200220 30*R. Barnwell, pers. comm., 200215,860 11.7E 7.5N
DDOE200220 30*R. Barnwell, pers. comm., 20025,860 11.7E 7.5N
+ Kambari DDOE19985 10*Gawaisa, quest. reply, 199812,000 10.6E 8.8N
DDOE19985 10*Gawaisa, quest. reply, 19982,000 10.6E 8.8N
+ Kwiambana Game Reserve-OE199380 40*Hurst, quest. reply, 199411,715 6.6E 11.3N
-OE199380 40*Hurst, quest. reply, 19941,715 6.6E 11.3N
+ Marguba Forest Reserve-ATA20060Omondi et al., 20062710 12.7E 11.5N
-ATA20060Omondi et al., 2006710 12.7E 11.5N
+ Okomu Game Santuary-OE199140NRCC, 199121,082 5.1E 6.3N
-OE199140NRCC, 19911,082 5.1E 6.3N
+ Omo Forest Reserve-OE199430 20*Mshelbwala, 199821,300 3.6E 6.8N
-OE199430 20*Mshelbwala, 19981,300 3.6E 6.8N
+ Sambisa-ATA20060Omondi et al., 20062647 13.4E 11.3N
-ATA20060Omondi et al., 2006647 13.4E 11.3N
+ Taylor Creek-OE199325Thouless, 19932145 6.4E 5.2N
-OE199325Thouless, 1993145 6.4E 5.2N
+ Yankari National ParkDTOD201182 279*Bergl et al., 201112,244 10.4E 9.8N
DTOD201182 279*Bergl et al., 20112,244 10.4E 9.8N

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

Note that totals for the Definite, Probable, and Possible categories are derived by pooling the variances of individual estimates, as described at http://www.africanelephantdatabase.org/reliability. As a result, totals do not necessarily match the simple sum of the entries within a given category.

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