Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Tanzania, 1995

All Years for Tanzania: 201620132007200219981995

1995 Summary Totals for Tanzania

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts2,121000
Aerial or Ground Sample Counts71,33812,19912,1990
Dung Counts0220880
Informed Guesses, Undocumented Aerial or Dung Surveys and GIS Extrapolations00140
Total73,45912,41912,3010

No changes between current and previous report.

Tanzania : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Burigi Game ReserveAS2B199071 92TWCM, 1992a26,102 31.2E 2.3S
Katavi-Rukwa AreaAS2B19915,360 4,065TWCM, 1992c212,641 31.4E 7.0S
Kilimanjaro National ParkDC2C1990220 88TWCM, 1992a3418 37.3E 3.0S
Lake Manyara National ParkAT3A1990149 0TWCM, 1992a4246 35.6E 3.7S
Mkomazi Game ReserveAT3A1994300 0Douglas-Hamilton et al., 199433,509 38.3E 4.2S
Moyowosi/Kigosi AreaAS2B19941,583 1,382Farm, pers. comm., 1995b221,869 31.3E 4.2S
Ruaha-Rungwe EcosystemAS2B199318,864 3,578TWCM, 1993141,927 34.4E 6.9S
Rubondo Island National ParkIG3D199014TWCM, 1992a4400 31.9E 2.3S
Selous EcosystemAS2B199452,151 10,661TWCM, 1995b191,981 37.4E 8.9S
Serengeti EcosystemAT3A19941,672 0TWCM, 1995b221,413 35.0E 2.6S
Tarangire EcosystemAS2B19943,888 1,832TWCM, 1995a212,826 36.2E 4.1S
Ugalla River Game ReserveAS2B19911,620 749TWCM, 1992b26,984 31.9E 5.8S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

IUCNSpecies Survival Commission

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