Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Togo
2016 African Elephant Status Report

All Years for Togo: 201620132007200219981995

Summary Totals for Togo

Estimates from SurveysGuesses% Known and
Possible Range
Area (km2)
Survey categoryEstimate± 95% CLFromTo
Informed Guesses07011062.63,950
Degraded Data442.1135
Totals 20150074114  
Totals 2006406161  
Assessed Range64.84,085
Unassessed Range35.22,222
Total Range1006,307

Summary Totals for Togo

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Informed Guesses007040
Other Guesses4000
Totals 2015407040
Totals 200640610

Interpretation of Changes in Estimates from Previous Report

 Estimates from SurveysGuessesArea
Cause of Change Estimate ± 95% CL From To% Known and PossibleTotal
New Guess00+9+4962.63,950
Population Lost00000.00
Data Degraded-40+4+40.00
Totals-40+13+5362.64,085

Interpretation of Changes in Estimates from Previous Report

Cause of Change Definite Probable Possible Speculative
New Guess00+9+40
Population Lost0000
Totals00+9+40

Interpretation of Changes in Estimates from Previous Report (2007 scaling)

Cause of Change Definite Probable Possible Speculative
New Guess00+9+40
Population Lost0000
Totals00+9+40

Area of Range Covered by Each Data Category (km²)

Data CategoryKnown RangePossible RangeTotal Range
Informed Guesses1,5402,4103,950
Unassessed Range1,1021,2552,357
Totals2,6423,6656,307

Togo: Elephant Estimates

Cause ofSurvey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneChange1TypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
+ Abdoulayé Faunal Reserve-OE20024Okoumassou, pers. comm., 20022300 1.3E 8.7N
-OE20024Okoumassou, pers. comm., 2002300 1.3E 8.7N
+ Fazao Malfakassa National ParkNGOD201560 40*Weber, pers. comm., 201611,920 0.8E 8.7N
NGOD201560 40*Weber, pers. comm., 20161,920 0.8E 8.7N
+ Fosse aux LionsPLOE20020Okoumassou, pers. comm., 2002317 0.2E 10.8N
PLOE20020Okoumassou, pers. comm., 200217 0.2E 10.8N
+ Oti-Kéran-Mandori Faunal ReserveNGOD201410Polo-Akpisso, pers. comm., 2016b11,804 0.7E 10.4N
NGOD201410Polo-Akpisso, pers. comm., 2016b1,804 0.7E 10.4N

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

Note that totals for the Definite, Probable, and Possible categories are derived by pooling the variances of individual estimates, as described at http://www.africanelephantdatabase.org/reliability. As a result, totals do not necessarily match the simple sum of the entries within a given category.

IUCNSpecies Survival Commission

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