Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Population Survey

Mozambique
Phenotype: Savanna (based on geographical location)
Data contributed by selwyn@refleqt.co.za, last updated 11/01/2016
Report restricted by data provider
48837 km²
Dryseason
Recorded at stratum level
Show aggregates
0
L1
3300km²
218
L2
4194km²
1231
L3
2652km²
698
L4
2235km²
315
L5
1809km²
131
L6
2285km²
1046
L7
4353km²
159
L8
2124km²
0
L9
2888km²
77
R1
3442km²
172
R2
2243km²
319
R3
2689km²
0
R5
1495km²
0
R6
2326km²
0
J
208km²
0
M
230km²
827
Niassa ext. east
2258km²
127
Niassa ext. west
1427km²
75
R4
3695km²
An aerial survey of the NNR took place from the 15th October to the 6th November 2014, covering 42,139 km2. An additional extension to the south of the reserve, covering 12,160 km2, was surveyed from the 7th November to the 9th November 2014. A total of 411 transects were flown, with a total length of 12,160 km. The combined 5,457 elephant represent Mozambique’s most important remaining elephant population, possible accounting for about 50% of all elephants found in the country. However, the population has experienced its steepest decline and the lowest recorded population estimate since monitoring started in 1998. The data presented here indicates that the population has reduced by 60% within three years. That equates to a loss of 7,500 animals in Niassa and 1,531 elephants in the southern extension (the later over a period of five years). The survey has also recorded the highest number of carcasses of any earlier survey with an exponential increase over the last 10 years. Although elephant populations have gone down poaching levels have increased and the population is in imminent danger of experiencing further large decreases. The NNR survey zone was surveyed using a Cessna C182.
Source:Grossmann, F., Lopes Pereira, C., Chambal, D., Maluleque, G.,Bendzane, E., McLellan P., Bay, C., Mudluli, A., Peltier, A., Foloma, & M., Ntumi, C., Polana E. & Nelson, A. (2014). Aerial Survey of Elephant, Other Wildlife and Human Activity in the Niassa National Reserve and Adjacent Areas. (p. 159). New York: Wildlife Conservation Society.
IUCNSpecies Survival Commission

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