Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Malawi, 1998

All Years for Malawi: 201620132007200219981995

1998 Summary Totals for Malawi

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts449000
Aerial or Ground Sample Counts1981,5691,5690
Informed Guesses008020

No changes between current and previous report.

Malawi : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Kasungu National ParkAS2B1995391 349Bhima, 199612,316 33.1E 12.9S
Liwonde National ParkAT3A1995414Bhima, 19962538 35.3E 14.9S
Nkhota-Kota Wildlife ReserveAS2B19951,037 1,511JICA/GOM, 199711,802 34.0E 12.9S
Nyika National ParkAS1B1997339 239AHT International, 199713,134 33.8E 10.6S
Phirilongwe Forest ReserveIG3D199850Munthali, pers. comm., 19982640 35.0E 14.6S
Thuma Forest ReserveIG3D199830 20*Munthali, pers. comm., 19982370 34.2E 13.9S
Vwaza Marsh Wildlife ReserveAT3A199735AHT International, 19972986 33.4E 11.0S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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