Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Malawi, 1995

All Years for Malawi: 201620132007200219981995

1995 Summary Totals for Malawi

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts365000
Aerial or Ground Sample Counts7463683680
Dung Counts0172680
Other Guesses and Other Extrapolations000250
Total1,111540436250

No changes between current and previous report.

Malawi : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Kasungu National ParkAS2B1992672 72Mkanda, Quest. Reply, 1993b12,316 33.1E 12.9S
Liwonde National ParkAT3A1992365 0Mkanda, Quest. Reply, 1993b2548 35.3E 14.9S
Nkhota-Kota Wildlife ReserveAS2B199271 206Mkanda, Quest. Reply, 1993b11,802 34.0E 12.9S
Nyika National ParkDC2C1992172 68Mkanda, Quest. Reply, 1993b2375 33.8E 10.6S
Phirilongwe & Thuma Forest ReserveOG3E1989250Munthali, in Douglas-Hamilton, et al., 199221,000 35.0E 14.6S
Vwaza Marsh Wildlife ReserveAS1B1992371 296Mkanda, Quest. Reply, 1993b1986 33.4E 11.0S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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