Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Democratic Republic of Congo, 2002

All Years for Democratic Republic of Congo: 201620132007200219981995

2002 Summary Totals for Democratic Republic of Congo

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Direct Sample Counts and Reliable Dung Counts7,1602,6312,6310
Informed Guesses507032,36510,659
Other Guesses0006,895
Total7,6672,63134,99617,554

No changes between current and previous report.

Democratic Republic of Congo : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Bili-Uere RegionIG3D20028,500 1500*Hart, 2003240,643 24.4E 4.5N
BushimaeIG3E1987120Mohammed and Kassa, 199835,232 23.0E 7.4S
Equateur ProvinceIG3D20021,000 500*Hart, 2003232,006 18.7E 1.7N
Gangala-na-BodioIG3D20021,000 450*Hart, 200339,547 29.3E 3.9N
Garamba National ParkAS3B20025,983 2,321Hillman Smith pers. comm., 200235,000 29.5E 4.2N
Kahuzi Biega Lowland National Park SectorIG3D20021,125 375*Hart, 2003215,570 28.0E 2.1S
Kahuzi-Biega Upland National Park SectorIG3D200015 10*Hart, 20034920 28.6E 2.4S
Kivu ProvinceIG3D2002625 375*Hart, 2003262,414 26.9E 1.7S
Lomami/Lualaba AreaIG3D20021,375 1125*Hart, 2003239,517 25.3E 2.4S
Luama/Itombwe West AreaIG3D2002625 375*Hart, 2003272,532 27.1E 4.7S
Maiko National ParkDC1E19926,500 500Hart and Sikubwabo Kiyengo, 1994210,830 27.6E 0.4S
Okapi National ParkDC2B20003,808 1,239Thomas et al., 200136,209 28.7E 1.5N
Orientale ProvinceIG3D20021,500 1000*Hart, 20031178,155 27.1E 2.7N
Rubi-Tele AreaIG3D20021,750 750*Hart, 2003268,453 21.7E 3.5N
Salonga National Park & surrounding areaIG3D200312,500 2500*Hart, 2003249,690 21.0E 1.9S
Upemba National ParkOG3E2002200Hart pers. comm., 2002310,234 26.7E 9.1S
Upper Tshuapa AreaIG3D20021,500 1000*Hart, 20031141,048 23.8E 3.4S
Virunga Central National Park SectorIG3D1998486 49*Mubalama, 200037,800 29.4E 0.4S
Virunga North National Park SectorIG3D200321Hillman Smith pers. comm., 2003b32,903 29.5E 0.3S
Virunga South National Park SectorOG3E200275Mubalama pers. comm., 20031 29.5E 0.3S
Wamba/Lopori AreaIG3D2002850 650*Hart, 20031122,444 21.6E 0.2N

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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