Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Democratic Republic of Congo, 1995

All Years for Democratic Republic of Congo: 201620132007200219981995

1995 Summary Totals for Democratic Republic of Congo

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts469000
Aerial or Ground Sample Counts4,0017,1747,1740
Dung Counts06,0001,0000
Informed Guesses, Undocumented Aerial or Dung Surveys and GIS Extrapolations0057,8000

No changes between current and previous report.

Democratic Republic of Congo : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
BushimaeIG3D1987120Won wa Musiti, Quest. Reply, 199135,266 23.0E 7.4S
Garamba National Park and Surrounding ReservesAS2B199511,175 7,174Smith et al., 1995a215,125 29.3E 4.0N
IturiIG3D19896,730Alers et al., 1992230,000 27.3E 2.1N
Kahuzi-Biega National ParkIG3D19899,000Alers et al., 199236,000 28.1E 2.1S
LomamiIG3D19898,000Alers et al., 1992232,000 24.7E 1.2S
Maiko National ParkDC2C19926,000 1,000Hart & Sikubwabo, 1994310,800 27.6E 0.4S
Rest of ForestIG3D198927,620Alers et al., 199211,061,000 23.4E 0.5N
Salonga Nord National ParkIG3D19892,650Alers et al., 1992219,000 21.7E 1.6S
Salonga Sud National ParkIG3D19893,680Alers et al., 1992317,000 20.9E 2.5S
Virunga National ParkAT2A1990469 0Aveling, 199037,506 29.5E 0.4S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

Please note that in the 1995 African Elephant Status Report, this country was named Zaire, as that was its official name at the time.
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