Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

South Africa, 1998

All Years for South Africa: 201620132007200219981995

1998 Summary Totals for South Africa

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts11,905000

No changes between current and previous report.

South Africa : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Addo Elephant National ParkAT1A1998272Castley & Knight, 19982513 25.6E 33.4S
Atherstone Nature ReserveAT3A199724Garai, pers. comm., 1998b3136 26.8E 24.5S
Hluhluwe-Umfolozi ParkGT1A1997250Balfour, pers. comm., 19982965 31.9E 28.3S
Itala Nature ReserveGT1A199745Balfour, pers. comm., 19982297 31.3E 27.5S
Klaserie Private Nature ReserveAT3A1997303Whyte & Wood, 19972628 31.2E 24.2S
Knysna State ForestIR1A19973Garai, pers. comm., 1998b2300
Kruger National ParkAT3A19988,869Whyte & Wood, (in prep.)119,624 31.5E 24.0S
Letaba RanchAT3A199758Garai, pers. comm., 1998b2420 31.1E 23.7S
Madikwe Nature ReserveAT3A1998282Garai, pers. comm., 1998c2700 26.3E 24.8S
Makuya National ParkAT3A19978Whyte & Wood, 19973165 30.9E 22.6S
Manyeleti Game ReserveAT3A199728Garai, pers. comm., 1998b3228 31.5E 24.6S
Marakele National ParkIR1A199848Knight, Quest. Reply, 19982380 27.7E 24.4S
Mkuzi Game ReserveIR1A199725Balfour, pers. comm., 19982380 32.3E 27.7S
Phalaborwa Mining Co.AT3A199742Whyte & Wood, 1997341 31.2E 24.0S
Pilanesberg National ParkAT3A199787Garai, pers. comm., 1998b2553 27.1E 25.2S
Pongolapoort Nature ReserveIR1A199720Balfour, pers. comm., 19983119 32.0E 27.4S
Private ReservesGT1A1997659Garai, pers. comm., 1998a1
Sabie Sand Game ReserveAT3A1997311Garai, pers. comm., 1998b2572 31.5E 24.8S
Tembe Elephant ParkAT3A1997115Balfour, pers. comm., 19983300 32.5E 26.9S
Timbavati Private Nature ReserveAT3A1997322Whyte & Wood, 19972784 31.3E 24.4S
Umbabat Private Nature ReserveAT3A1997134Whyte & Wood, 19973144 31.4E 24.1S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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