Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

South Africa, 2002

All Years for South Africa: 201620132007200219981995

2002 Summary Totals for South Africa

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts14,071000
Informed Guesses008550

No changes between current and previous report.

South Africa : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Addo Elephant National ParkIR1A2002337Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022513 25.6E 33.4S
Atherstone Nature ReserveAT3A200232Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023136 26.8E 24.5S
Balule Nature ReserveAT3A200280Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022400 31.0E 24.2S
Greater St Lucia Wetland Park (Managed Nature Reserve)AT3A200231Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022539 32.5E 27.9S
Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game ReserveGT1A2002310Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022965 31.9E 28.3S
Itala Nature ReserveGT1A200261Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022297 31.3E 27.5S
Klaserie Private Nature ReserveAT2A2002467Whyte, in prep.2628 31.2E 24.2S
Knysna Forest ReserveIR1A20024Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023126 23.0E 34.0S
Kruger National ParkAT2A200210,459Whyte, in prep.119,624 31.5E 24.0S
Letaba Game RanchIG3D199766Whyte, in prep.2420 31.1E 23.7S
Madikwe Nature ReserveAT3A2002318Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022700 26.3E 24.8S
Makalali Private Game ReserveGT1A200259Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023140 30.7E 24.2S
Makuya National ParkAT2A200227Whyte, in prep.3165 30.9E 22.6S
Manyeleti Game ReserveIG3D2002100Whyte, in prep.3228 31.5E 24.6S
Marakele Concession (National Park Extension)AT3A200230Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023258 27.6E 24.3S
Marakele National ParkIR1A200291Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022380 27.6E 24.4S
Mkuzi Game ReserveIR1A200228Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022380 32.3E 27.7S
Phalaborwa Mining CompanyAT2A200223Whyte, in prep.341 31.2E 24.0S
Pilanesberg National ParkAT3A2002142Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022553 27.1E 25.2S
Pongola Nature ReserveIR1A200233Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023119 32.0E 27.4S
Private ReservesIG3D2002650Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 200214,111
Sabie Sand Game ReserveAT2A2002757Whyte, in prep.2572 31.5E 24.8S
Selati Game ReserveGT1A200256Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022300 30.8E 24.0S
Songimvelo Game ReserveIG3D200239Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20022490 31.0E 26.0S
Tembe Elephant ParkAT3A2002140Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023300 32.5E 26.9S
Timbavati Private Nature ReserveAT2A2002372Whyte, in prep.2494 31.3E 24.4S
Umbabat Private Nature ReserveAT2A200288Whyte, in prep.3144 31.4E 24.1S
Venetia-Limpopo National ParkAT3A200259Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 2002391 29.3E 22.2S
Welgevonden Private Game ReserveAT3A200267Elephant Managers and Owners Association, 20023330 27.8E 24.3S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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