Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Tanzania, 1998

All Years for Tanzania: 201620132007200219981995

1998 Summary Totals for Tanzania

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Aerial or Ground Total Counts4,144000
Aerial or Ground Sample Counts63,27211,97611,9760
Dung Counts0220880
Informed Guesses00140

No changes between current and previous report.

Tanzania : Elephant Estimates

Survey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneTypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Burigi Game ReserveAS2B19981,632 1,752TWCM, Quest. Reply, 19983938 31.2E 2.3S
Katavi National ParkAS2B19951,493 341TWCM, Quest. Reply, 199831,905 31.1E 6.8S
Kilimanjaro National ParkDC2C1990220 88TWCM, 19924418 37.3E 3.0S
KilomberoAS2B19941,903 514TWCM, 199526,928 36.3E 8.5S
Maswa and NgorongoroAT3A1992315Farm, pers. comm., 199534,275 35.6E 3.2S
Mikumi National ParkAS2B1994700 309TWCM, 199533,215 37.2E 7.4S
Mkomazi Game ReserveAS3B1996346 465TWCM, Quest. Reply, 199833,509 38.3E 4.2S
Moyowosi-Kigosi Game ReserveAS2B19982,262 1,403TWCM, 1998a221,870 31.3E 4.2S
Muhesi Game ReserveAS3B19962,558 2,550TWCM, Quest. Reply, 199834,539 34.4E 6.2S
Ouside KataviAS2B19953,505 2,335TWCM, Quest. Reply, 1998211,436 31.5E 7.0S
Outside BurigiAS2B199877 141TWCM, Quest. Reply, 199831,471 31.1E 2.5S
Outside TarangireAT3A1998416TWCM, 1998b,c210,207 36.2E 4.1S
Remainder of Ruaha-RungwaAS3B19961,253 1,631TWCM, Quest. Reply, 1998214,297 34.3E 6.9S
Remainder of SelousAS2B199417,836 6,101TWCM, 1995238,212 37.5E 9.4S
Ruaha National ParkAS3B19963,120 2,342TWCM, Quest. Reply, 1998210,366 34.6E 7.5S
Ruaha-Rungwa EcosystemAS3B199613,021 4,300TWCM, Quest. Reply, 19981
Rubondo Island National ParkIG3D199014TWCM, 19924400 31.8E 2.3S
Rungwa-Kizigo Game ReserveAS3B19966,090 1,960TWCM, Quest. Reply, 1998214,189 34.2E 6.8S
Selous EcosystemAS2B199452,151 10,661TWCM, 19951
Selous Game ReserveAS2B199431,735 9,183TWCM, 1995143,626 37.5E 8.8S
SerengetiAT3A19982,015TWCM, Quest. Reply, 1998216,860 34.8E 2.3S
Tarangire National ParkAT3A19981,398TWCM, 1998b,c32,619 36.1E 4.1S
Ugalla RiverAS2B1996761 655TWCM, Quest. Reply, 199826,524 31.9E 5.8S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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