Elephant Database
African Elephant Specialist Group

Zambia, 2007

All Years for Zambia: 201620132007200219981995

2007 Summary Totals for Zambia

Data Category Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Direct Sample Counts and Reliable Dung Counts16,2295,8995,8990
Other Dung Counts274990
Informed Guesses306000
Other Guesses000813
Totals 200616,5625,9485,908813

Interpretation of Changes in Estimates from Previous Report

Cause of Change Definite Probable Possible Speculative
Repeat Survey+1,953+37-450
New Population+36-85+1790
Different Technique-41+1,100-1,6320
Different Area+1,806-2,029-2310
New Guess+32600+119
New Analysis+29-37+5+477
Data Degraded-300-19

Area of Range Covered by Each Data Category (km²)

Data CategoryKnown RangePossible RangeTotal Range
Direct Sample Counts and Reliable Dung Counts109,9445,143115,087
Other Dung Counts4820482
Informed Guesses75075
Other Guesses6,8517347,585
Unassessed Range1,20476,81478,018

Zambia : Elephant Estimates

Cause ofSurvey Details2 Number of Elephants Area Map Location
Input ZoneChange1TypeReliab.YearEstimate95% C.L. SourcePFS3 (km²) Lon. Lat.
Chanjuzi Hunting BlockRSAS3B200465 81Simwanza, 2004b3600 32.6E 12.3S
Chiawa Game Management AreaRSAS2B200345 53Dunham, 2004a3900 28.9E 15.8S
Chisomo & Sandwe Game Management Area-AS2B1999128 155Jachmann & Phiri, 1999a3750 30.9E 13.8S
Isangano National ParkDDGT1E19933Tembo, quest. reply, 19933840 30.6E 11.2S
Kafinde Game Management Area-IG3E199150Tembo, quest. reply, 199323,860 30.1E 12.4S
Kafue National ParkDAAS2B20046,306 5,227Simwanza, 2004a222,400 25.9E 15.2S
Kasanka National ParkNADC2C199976 9Jachmann & Phiri, 1999b3390 30.2E 12.6S
Kasonso-Busanga Game Management AreaRSAS2B2004401 378Simwanza, 2004a27,780 25.6E 14.1S
Katokota Game Ranch-AT3E199119Tembo, quest. reply, 1993515 28.0E 16.8S
Lavushi Manda National Park-IG3E199115Tembo, quest. reply, 199331,500 30.8E 12.4S
Lower Zambezi National ParkRSAS2B20031,477 744Dunham, 2004a24,084 29.7E 15.5S
Luano Game Management Area-IG3E1996150Jachmann, 199628,930 29.6E 14.8S
Luawata Hunting BlockRSAS2B2003968 652van der Westhuizen, 200331,092 31.9E 12.3S
Lukusuzi National ParkRSAS1B20050 0Fourie et al., 200513,200 32.6E 12.8S
Lunga-Luswishi Game Management AreaRSAS2B2004195 169Simwanza, 2004a213,340 26.9E 13.8S
Lupande Game Management Area-AS2B2002975 586Dunham & Simwanza, 200224,959 32.0E 13.3S
Mosi-oa-Tunya National ParkNGIG3D2006306Chase, 2006466 25.8E 17.9S
Mukungule Game Management AreaRSAS2B2003156 119van der Westhuizen, 20033788 32.0E 11.7S
Mulobezi Game Management AreaRSAS2B200455 96Simwanza, 2004a23,420 25.4E 16.5S
Mumbwa Game Management AreaDTAS2B2004181 208Simwanza, 2004a23,370 26.4E 15.1S
Musalangu Game Management AreaDAAS2B20041,011 898Simwanza, 2004b32,190 32.8E 11.2S
Mwanya Hunting BlockDAAS3B2004503 237Simwanza, 2004b3860 32.3E 12.7S
Mweru wa Ntipa EcosystemNPAS2B20030Simwanza, 200317,274 29.8E 8.7S
Namwala Game Management AreaDTAS2B2004127 134Simwanza, 2004a23,600 26.3E 15.5S
Nchete Island Wildlife Sanctuary-AT3E199149Tembo, quest. reply, 1993425 27.6E 17.4S
Nkala Game Management AreaNPAS2B2004210 306Simwanza, 2004a4194 26.0E 16.0S
North Luangwa National ParkRSAS3B20033,235 695van der Westhuizen, 200324,688 32.2E 11.9S
Nsumbu National ParkDTAS2B200365 92Simwanza, 200332,063 30.4E 8.8S
Nyampala Game Management AreaDAAS2B2004284 133Simwanza, 2004b4330 31.7E 12.5S
Rufunsa Game Management AreaRSAS2B20030Dunham, 2004a13,128 30.0E 15.2S
Sekula Island Wildlife Sanctuary-AT3E19917Tembo, quest. reply, 1993510 27.5E 17.4S
Sichifulo Game Management AreaRSAS2B20040Simwanza, 2004a13,600 25.7E 16.8S
Sioma Ngwezi National ParkRSAS2B2005385 371Chase & Griffin, 2005b24,377 23.4E 17.3S
South Luangwa National Park-AS2B20024,459 1,519Dunham & Simwanza, 200228,448 31.6E 13.1S
West Lunga National Park-AS3E1996520C.M. Phiri, pers. comm., 199831,684 24.8E 12.8S
West Petauke Game Management Area-AS2B1999897 1,399Jachmann & Phiri, 1999a3905 30.3E 14.3S

* Range of informed guess

1Key to Causes of Change (only tracked since 2007): DA: Different Area; DD: Data Degraded; DT: Different Technique; NA: New Analysis; NG: New Guess; NP: New population; PL: Population Lost; RS: Repeat Survey (RS ́ denotes a repeat survey that is not statistically comparable for reasons such as different season); –––: No Change

2Key to Survey Types: AC: Aerial Count, not specified; AS: Aerial Sample Count; AT: Aerial Total Count; DC: Dung Count; EX: Extrapolation from GIS; GD: Genetic Dung Count; GS: Ground Sample Count; GT: Ground Total Count; IG: Informed Guess; IR: Individual Registration; OG: Other Guess. Survey Type is followed by an indicator of survey quality, ranked from 1 to 3 (best to worst). Survey Reliability is keyed A-E (best to worst) as outlined in this table.

3PFS: Priority for Future Surveys, ranked from 1 to 5 (highest to lowest). Based on the precision of estimates and the proportion of national range accounted for by the site in question, PFS is a measure of the importance and urgency for future population surveys. All areas of unassessed range have a priority of 1. See Introduction for details on how the PFS is derived.

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